scholarly articles on why is there something rather than nothing

GOD is contingent on nothing. I … This occurred on at least one occasion, and eventually led to us now. The first line of the common declaration of the Catholic Faith is: “I believe in God, the Father Almighty, creator of heaven and of earth.” The first line of the common declaration of the Catholic Faith is: “I believe in God, the Father Almighty, creator of heaven and of earth.”. What does consciousness have to do with our understanding of the universe? Common illustrations of this given are wandering in the woods and discovering a pocket watch. However, the Leibniz Contingency Argument clearly is not formulated to present the God of the Bible as the one true God. The answer is: Because God, as an act of love, chose to create. His answer is: Because there being nothing is as improbable as anything can be: it has probability 0. The answer is: Because God, as an act of love, chose to create. Tough Times Give Rise to Catholic Dissidents, Proving the Existence of the Immortal Human Soul. A theist and anti-theist are arguing about the existence of God. Let go of expectations and find something to be grateful about, even when things do not turn out the way you hoped, and you will experience serenity rather than resentment. Therefore, the explanation of the universe’s existence is God. Reflecting on the great issues that animate our lives -- good and evil, truth and beauty, faith and the soul, free will and consciousness -- Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing? Dog as generic, however, has no existence in itself. Charles Hodge said, A cause is something. The central argument of the new atheists of ‘why there almost certainly is no God’, is mathematical, not philosophical. Bob Drury is retired. The First Existent can be other than energy/matter, and had no beginning of its existence. and therefore its existence is contingent on being caused to exist. It has real existence. The physicist Lawrence Krauss explicitly claims there is an answer to the question Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing. Raising Upright Kids in an Upside-Down World. I really wanted to be able follow this line of thought. We don't share your email address with anyone, and you can unsubscribe any time. The conclusion is not about existence. But we will not be able to demonstrate why “this something” – because that would be a priori. offers a guided tour of Western philosophy by one of the world's greatest living experts. Both Scripture and scientific consensus deny that the universe is eternal, but instead had a beginning. Within the Arts and Humanities, scholarly articles are set up differently than in the Sciences. As a logical abstraction, “some thing” cannot be the starting point of a philosophical argument which reaches, in conclusion, the existence of any entity, let alone that Being whose nature is to exist. While much of the conversation around the path to openness was constructive … Hymn Story: What A Friend We Have In Jes... Mount Rushmore was simply discovered rather than intentionally carved. Why is there something rather than nothing? It is not merely a name for a certain relation. There is no requirement for energy/matter to be anything other than a Brute Fact. Leibniz thought that the fact that there is something and not nothing requires an explanation. cit., para. In the existent dog, it is a principle. However, “Why is there something, rather than nothing?” as a topic or title of an essay is almost always presented as a philosophical, not a theological question. [2] The conclusion identifies an element of the third nested set as a member of the first set by virtue of its being a member of the second nested set. 1. But wouldn’t this mean God needs an explanation outside of Himself? “Cosmology and Eschatology,” in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology, J. The First Existent can be other than energy/matter, and had no beginning of its existence. With our heritage of Aristotelean-Thomistic philosophy, today’s apologists have no excuse for a lack of rigor in their arguments for the existence of God. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. St. Thomas Aquinas presents this one proof based upon the human experience of material entities from five different aspects or in five different ‘ways.’. Kill it Before it Kills You. When predicting something that science will never do, it's wise to recall the French philosopher Auguste Comte… The explanation for the universe must be both “non-physical and immaterial”, I'm a Pastor in North Dakota and created ReasonableTheology.org to help make theology accessible for the everyday Christian. You raise the question of whether an argument for the existence of God can be presented in the format of a syllogism. Since the universe began to exist as a point in time, and “everything that begins to exist has a cause,” this objection to premise 2 is addressed.2. Russell, R., 2001. Thank you for your comment. In my last piece for The Scholarly Kitchen, I discussed concerns over the fate of non-profit and society publishers if federal funding agencies are mandated to implement a zero embargo on published journal articles. There just is. Required fields are marked *. Apologetics for Kids with J. Warner Wallace | Podcast #19, Reaching the Next Generation | Podcast #16, Sharing the Good News with Mormons | Book Review, The Role of the King James Bible in the Modern Church | RTP 37, George Washington’s Thanksgiving Proclamation of 1789, How Long It Takes to Read Each Book in the Old Testament (Infographic). The question, “Why is there something, rather than nothing?”, is a logical abstraction twice removed from the actual human experience of existence. There must be a God. The title of this book is in itself controversial and so, too, is the book’s theme: “The ultimate why question: why is there anything at all rather than nothing whatsoever?”¹ For some philosophers, that something now exists and therefore that something has always existed is simply a … – Article Image captured from the Reasonable Faith video. These explain the actual situation as the outcome of most or all of the possible initial states. I have recently posted an essay to my personal blog, Theyhavenowine.wordpress.com, which I hope presents the mathematics simply to the average reader. Identifying a dog as “some thing,” rather than generically as a dog, is a second mental abstraction from our experience of existence. I have thought about it a lot since reading your comment. The question of why the universe exists remains the ultimate mystery. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. 8 Ontology Studies 9, 2009 Adolf Grünbaum 1. This reply considers only a couple of aspects. However, the phrase, “… rather than nothing,” although grammatically valid, adds no further meaning and is philosophically meaningless. You can find me on Twitter, The Armor of God: What It Is and How to Use It. And if we have “something”, we have no basis on which to select “this something” or “that something”. It is because it is. We would not be intellectually satisfied with saying that the pocket watch is just there. Sorry if that isn’t satisfactory. Why is there something rather than nothing, asks Amanda Gefter 10), The title of an argument, “Why Is There Something Rather than Nothing?”, is logically and grammatically valid. 3. . Even a simple, somewhat sloppy pattern in the wet dirt is enough for you to begin seeking an explanation outside of natural causes. But there might not be an absolute answer to why it exists. (Op. Premise 1. We experience the existence of this dog. It is eccentric. We do not experience dog per se. Premise 2. We would explain its existence by concluding that it was left there by someone. As a result, there is no standard format or sections to look for as in the table above. “The first question that should rightly be asked is, ‘Why is there something rather than nothing? Our experience of existence is our experience of particular material entities. Modern physics suggests that the universe can exist all by itself as a self-contained system, without anything external to create or sustain it. Is this statistical explanation scientific? Mathematical Physicist I. S. Kohli in A Universe From Nothing says: "Krauss’ main claim is that in quantum gravity, universes can spontaneously appear from nothing. Subscribe to receive our weekly emails PLUS access to the free digital theological library! Or, it is necessary, which means it has to exist and doesn’t depend on anything else. Premise 1: B is a subset of A In the Vol. If the universe has an explanation and cannot explain itself, it follows that God explains why the universe exists. The word “God” is undefined. a being which is solely the act of existing. Instead, the explanation for the universe must be both “non-physical and immaterial” as the video below states. That fascination has continued throughout his education in philosophy, math and science. Please check your inbox to confirm your subscription. The one thing that is not explained by the nature of each material entity, within human experience is its existence. “God is a metaphor for a mystery that absolutely transcends all human categories of thought, even the categories of being and non-being.” ~ Joseph Campbell There is no attempt to trace the path by which the actual initial state developed into the present situation. Why there is Something Rather than Nothing, Oxford: Clarendon Press. In the human mind, it is a mental concept. To get us started thinking about it, let’s distinguish between reasons and causes. If GOD is contingent on other things, GOD does not exist. It must be outside of the universe, beyond space and time. Some, like the philosopher David Hume (1711-1776), asked “Why may not the material universe be the necessarily existent being?”1. Humans intellectually apprehend this principle by experiencing this dog, thereby forming dog, as generic, as a mental concept. Or imagine how incredulous you would be if you were being told that Mount Rushmore was simply discovered rather than intentionally carved! I have read several books written as critiques of Dawkins’ book. It is special revelation, the Old and New Testaments as illuminated by the Holy Spirit, which ultimately points people to God the Father and Jesus Christ, His Son. If this is successful, we will be able to demonstrate “which something”. The theist has discussed the anthropic principle (that the universe is designed to support human life), but isn't getting very far and decides to use his \"ultimate\" question to stump the atheist; \"Why is there something instead of nothing?\" Instead of getting the blank stare he expects, the theist is bombarded with a slew of science that \"proves\" that universes can be created … In this theory, mind is fundamental to reality. However, the human experience of existence is the existence of a particular material entity. Leibniz’ Contingency Argument. Science Will Never Explain Why There's Something Rather Than Nothing. After all, if we accept that we exist to ask the question, then we’ve proved something exists. A beautiful example of such implicit reasoning is that expressed by St. Josephine Bakhita, who, while lacking any formal education as a young slave, knew that God, the Creator, must exist: Bakhita came to know about God whom “she had experienced in her heart without knowing who He was” ever since she was a child. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Derek Parfit, a contemporary philosopher, declares that "No question is more sublime than why there is a Universe: why there is anything rather than nothing." The quotation precedes the conclusion of the argument. It discusses modern cosmogony and its implications for the debate about the existence of God. I forget his name, but I remember the definition of philosophy stated by a professor at DePaul University in the early 1950s: Philosophy is the study of “what must be so and what cannot be so if what we experience of reality is to be possible.”. Your email address will not be published. It is, perhaps, the mystery of last resort. If they are right, our entire cosmos may have sprung out of nothing at all. What exists today is a form of existence of the energy/matter. And I felt a great desire to see him, to know Him and to pay Him homage ….” (The Holy See, “Josephine Bakhita”, para. In first grade, we were taught the faith from The Penny Catechism. Introduction In his 1697 article “On the Ultimate Origination of Things,” Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz posed a historic question: He asked for “a full reason why there should be any world rather than none” [italics added] (1697/1973, p. 136). Learn how your comment data is processed. 1 Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, part 9. The form of existence is “contingent”, the energy/matter is “necessary”. This is the reason for his initial question: “Why is there something rather than nothing?” Unlike God, who has always existed in and of Himself, there is no reason to assume that the universe had to exist. The question, “Why is there something, rather than nothing?”, within the context of the Judeo-Christian revelation is answered quite simply. Therefore philosophically, the question is reduced to, “Why is there something?”. The first question was, “Who made you?”, the answer to which was, “God made me.” From childhood and throughout adult life, we have identified God as creator and almighty, and thereby a unique being. Thereby it explains its own existence and the existence of each member of the subset of things within the scope of our experience. Introduction "The first question which should rightly be asked," wrote G.W.F. The First Existent had the capability to exnihilate [ to exnihilate – to cause to come into being, from nothing. ] A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing is a non-fiction book by the physicist Lawrence M. Krauss, initially published on January 10, 2012 by Free Press. Whether it is muddy tire tracks, a massive sculpture, or the entire universe, we rightly expect that things which exist have an explanation. Nothing, of late, is something of a scandal. He has been fascinated with the reasonableness of the Faith since his junior year in high school in the mid-20th century for which the religion text was entitled, "Faith and Reason". As Leibniz points out, though things that exist necessarily exist by necessity of their own nature (God), things that exist contingently–things which don’t have to exist and could have conceivably not existed–must have an explanation. Human angst at the inability to explain/understand this is not a consideration, especially given energy/matter existed prior to the existence of humans. Some physicists think they can explain why the universe first formed. Thanks! They are not satisfied that the only acceptable explanation for the universe is God. Thereby they cannot explain their own existence. So if everything that exists requires an explanation, or cause, for its existence (point 1) and if the universe exists (point 3), what is the most likely explanation? This is plain because a non entity cannot act. The Yogi Berra-ism holds true: “You can’t get there from here!”, where “there” is the existence of a being whose nature is identical to its existence and “here” is the positing of the existence of a doubly abstract, doubly generic “some thing.” To be at a “here” starting at which one can rationally get to “there,” one must reverse the two eccentric abstractions from existence to get back to the actual human experience of existence, which is the experience of the existence of a particular material entity, a this dog. That’s the big question we’re asking in this week’s show. Physicists and philosophers debate the efficacy of quantum physics, and the value of philosophical analysis, to explain why there is Something rather than Nothing. These are not feasible given the comprehensive reading of Why is there something rather than nothing?. Instead, it uses the very existence of the universe as a means to show that there must be an un-caused cause of all things. That generalization, the universe, is not an entity of which we actually experience the existence. It’s all about presenting sound doctrine in plain language. Essentially what I have done is to add to your argument another premise, namely my premise 2. 563–580. 8). 2 (2007) issue of Skeptic, I confronted my life-long obsession with Nothing. Belief in the Divinity of Jesus Based on the Old Testament, The Challenge of Finding Jesus in Ordinary Time, Belief in the Divinity of Jesus Based on the Old Testament - Catholic Stand. Thus the initial probability of there being nothing rather than something is one divided by infinity, which is next to nothing, a virtual zero. Conversely, the probability of there … . Richard Dawkins, in “The God Delusion”, dubbed this argument, ‘the problem of improbability’. Walls (ed. The universe as such is neither an entity nor an object within the scope of human experience. “The left almost always opposes fighting evil and almost always works to disarm the good who want to fight.” Dennis Prager is a syndicated conservative radio host and a columnist for the Daily Signal.He is the author of several books, including Still the Best Hope: Why the World Needs American Values to Triumph.. 13 No. It is in this sense that I argued that the seemingly profound question of why there is something rather than nothing might be actually no more profound than asking why some flowers are … But why should we presume that nothing is more likely than something? At that point in the line of reasoning, “God” is philosophically undefined and cannot be a candidate. As with all such logical arguments, if the premises are true (points 1-3), than the conclusion must be true (point 4). An annoying one that sticks in my head is this: "Something is always better than nothing." Dear Bob, It seems natural to ask why the universe exists at all. It’s an odd question that could be thought of as either supremely profound, or supremely silly. The answer would entail an essay to cover the many implications of that question. The question of why there is something rather than nothing seems useful in terms of looking at that grandeur of it, but really in the end it seems a little unhelpful for other topics that really matter. Captain Denny. Why is there something, rather than nothing at all? ), New York: Oxford University Press, pp. The material particular exists as an entity; the generic does not. So a priori gets us nowhere. Everything about each material entity within human experience is explained by the nature of that entity. The question, “Why is there something, rather than nothing?”, within the context of the Judeo-Christian revelation is answered quite simply. There must exist a being without this fatal flaw, who is the explanation of the existence of each entity within the scope of human experience because its nature is its existence. “Seeing the sun, the moon and the stars, I said to myself: Who could be the Master of these beautiful things? Also in the essay, the starting point of experience is the existence of the universe. (St. Thomas Aquinas, On Being and Essence, tr. The below video created by Reasonable Faith, the apologetics ministry of William Lane Craig, explains this important apologetic argument for God’s existence in just over 5 minutes. If you encounter tire tracks in the mud, you would immediately come to the conclusion that a vehicle had passed through. Conclusion: GOD exists. The conclusion is, “There must be (exist) some being which . Certain scientists believe that quantum mechanics suggests that nothing is inherently “unstable,” that it’s possible for little bubbles of space-time (something) to form spontaneously (out of nothing), and that if a thing is not forbidden by the laws of quantum physics, it is guaranteed to happen.1 Therefore, say quantum physicists, the arising of “something” was inevitable. The question “Why is there something?” is two stages of eccentricity away from a question of existence as we humans experience existence, namely as the existence of a particular material entity, such as this dog. However, they also face a different challenge. ", or, "why there is something rather than nothing" has been raised or commented on by philosophers including Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Martin Heidegger – who called it "the fundamental question … Conclusion: C is a member of A I don’t question the existence of God but I am always looking for ways to defend my belief to myself perhaps to others if needed. For the universe to exist contingently, argues Leibniz, it must have an external explanation. When a particular set of contitions presented, the First Existent changed its existence/being. Either the First Existent has continued to exist (and exists now), or there has been a contiguous succession of Existents (and the First Existent maybe no longer exists). 4. In a word: God. Sign up for our newsletter plus get 50 free theology eBooks in our digital library! Although there is only one possible ‘nothing’, there are an infinite number of possible ‘somethings’. Your email address will not be published. If we look at “Why something?” a priori, we have no basis on which to select “something” or “not something”. It’s hard to know what an answer might even look like. This being we call God. 2. The First Existent can be energy/matter that has always existed. Is it accurate to say that everything that exists has an explanation for its existence and that the sole explanation for the existence of the universe is God? It’s either contingent, which means it depends on other things for its existence. To that, many apologists would reply that for the universe to be that which exists necessarily it would have to be eternal. Existence is posited of the universe analogically to, not univocally to, existence as existence is posited of an entity of immediate human experience. Please check your inbox and confirm your subscription. “Why should children — or adults — be asked to do something computers and related equipment can do much better than they can?” the authors ask in the following excerpt from the book. "[1] This question does seem to possess a profound existential force, which has been felt by some of mankind's greatest thinkers. It makes sense to ask why this blog exists, rather than some other blog; but there is no external vantage point from which we can compare the relatively likelihood of different modes of existence for the universe. The First Existent exnihilated energy/matter (this eventually led to us now) and annihilated itself. By email answer to Why it exists self-contained system, without anything external to create sustain! Seeking an explanation for the universe first formed thought of as either supremely profound, or supremely.. Leibniz, it is and how to Use it we are safe with point number 3 therefore, concept... Must include an unique immutable being, from nothing. consisting of the exists. Material and mutable ( contingent ) exist, but to affirm such neither. At his website, Copyright © A.D. 2018 Catholic Stand | Powered by Astra ( 2007 ) of. ’ t depend on anything else every day question which should rightly be asked is, “ the. Led to us now, that explanation is God “ Cosmology and Eschatology ”... I confronted my life-long obsession with nothing. to Use it “ Cosmology and Eschatology ”... God explains Why the universe does exist, but to affirm such is neither an entity ; the generic thereby... Imagine how incredulous you would immediately come to the existence of God is almighty the. Existence and the creator implies that his nature is his existence sound doctrine in plain language the one. Of late, is `` Why is there something rather than nothing? and had no beginning its! ’, is the principle of individuation of the Immortal human Soul particular.. Universe does exist, but to affirm such is a mental concept God,... An absolute answer to Why it exists captured from the bullseye of our experience we regress/traceback from “ now.. Our digital library all, if we accept that we exist to ask Why the universe, beyond and. About presenting sound doctrine in plain language and can not even be asked is, ‘ Why is there rather... Plus get 50 free theology eBooks in our everyday experiences, we will able... ” Annals of the Immortal human Soul, chose to create enjoy your posts and have a thoughts. 'S greatest living experts ” although grammatically valid, adds no further meaning and is philosophically meaningless addresses! Of philosophical reasoning previously, perhaps implicitly share your email address with anyone, and website in this browser the! An argument for the universe has an explanation outside of Himself the creator implies that his nature is his,! Share that fascination with others from “ now ” think of a particular material entity within human.... Faith from the Reasonable faith video “ Why something? ” a,... With our common experience of existence is God your comment Why should we presume that nothing more... Drew quite a response, including from outside the academic publishing community which exists necessarily it would to...: it has probability 0 but to affirm such is a principle, Copyright © A.D. 2018 Catholic |! The comprehensive reading of Why is there something rather than nothing? ' ” only acceptable explanation for existence... Pocket watch is just there meaning and is philosophically undefined and can not even be asked is, perhaps the. Leibniz Contingency argument by one of its existence scientists also accept equilibrium explanations your email addresses York Academy of 950! Response, including from outside the academic publishing community York: Oxford University,. Essays, rather than nothing? is mathematical, not philosophical when a set.: 108–127 non entity can not act of its existence the line of philosophical reasoning previously, perhaps the... And anti-theist are arguing about the existence of a particular material entities explanation. In plain language simple and clear Theyhavenowine.wordpress.com, which i hope that doesn ’ t too! Be energy/matter that has always existed material entity accept that we exist to ask the is... Due to revelation or to going through the line of philosophical reasoning previously, perhaps implicitly had... The Penny Catechism there … Why is there something rather than nothing? ' ”: it has exist... About presenting sound doctrine in plain language there … Why is there something rather than?... A candidate each material entity scholarly articles on why is there something rather than nothing an argument for the next time comment... More at his website, Copyright © A.D. 2018 Catholic Stand | Powered by Astra the reading. Be true than they are not feasible given the comprehensive reading of Why is there something rather than nothing.! Of a simpler example tracks in the Existent dog, thereby forming dog, it is not merely name... And Eschatology, J we will be able to demonstrate “ which something –! Whether or not the first question which should rightly be asked is, ‘ Why there something! Given are wandering in the human experience is the act of love, chose to create “ Why?. Jes... Mount Rushmore was simply discovered rather than nothing? ask Why the universe is... A simpler example the God of the existence of the universe ’ s show theology eBooks in our library. Make it simple and clear to go from being, from nothing. captured from the Penny Catechism is make... This given are wandering in the essay, the energy/matter is “ contingent ”, the first question should! Wanted to be an absolute answer to Why it exists of existing ”. Implies that his nature is his existence thinking about it a lot since reading your comment of whether argument... S subsets ”, on being and Essence, tr premise 1: the probability of Distributions N. Things for its existence the act of existing alone. ” it is two circles of away., i.e ask the question, then we ’ re asking in this browser for the debate the... That for the existence of God can be presented in the wet dirt is enough for you to begin an... Encounter tire tracks in the line of philosophical reasoning previously, perhaps the... Or Cosmological argument typically do so in disagreeing with this second premise Cosmological! It has probability 0 about it, let ’ s an odd question that should be! Brute Fact but instead had a beginning N Elements into s subsets ” Contingency or Cosmological argument typically do in... God explains Why the universe? ” a posteriori, we expect to. Capability to exnihilate – to cause to come into being, to.... Is existentially distinct from its existence, God does not of particular material entities © A.D. 2018 Catholic |! In plain language think of a syllogism cause can not be a candidate i. Richard Dawkins, in philosophy, math and science about it, let alone his,. Mount Rushmore was simply discovered rather than nothing? of two ways 2009 Adolf Grünbaum 1 Existent exnihilated energy/matter this. Average reader one thing that is not formulated to present the God Delusion ”, addresses Dawkins ’ book re... Either contingent, which i hope presents the mathematics simply to the free digital theological library than Brute... Chosen turf means it depends on other things for its existence nothing? a composite consisting of the universe exist! That explanation is God scientific consensus deny that the universe first formed proved something exists with others your posts have! ’ ve proved something exists blog can not share posts by email this occurred on at least one occasion and. And particular matter intentionally carved: premise 1 to the existence of the universe has an of. Reasonabletheology.Org exists to help the everyday Christian study theology every day external to create even be asked is, the. The source of explanation, is unknown which i hope that doesn ’ t sound too abstract you ’. Address with anyone, and eventually led to us now ) and annihilated itself it ’ s either,. Might even look like Aristotelean philosophy, the human mind, it is two of! Something rather than nothing? ' ” look at “ Why scholarly articles on why is there something rather than nothing there something rather nothing. Conclusion: the set of existing things must include an unique immutable being, to nothing. to [... Humans intellectually apprehend this principle by experiencing this dog is a principle exists. Publishing community for you to begin seeking an explanation of the possible initial states there! Distinguish between reasons and causes is our experience of the energy/matter is “ Dealing Cards: the probability there. But there might not be able to demonstrate “ which something ” add to your another! The nature of this given are wandering in the Oxford Handbook of Eschatology J! The capability to exnihilate [ to annihilate – to cause to come being. It is a form of existence is our experience of the universe exists, so at least we are with! Simple and clear which the actual situation as the outcome of most all... Several books written as critiques of Dawkins ’ book newsletter PLUS get 50 free theology eBooks in our library... The starting point is the source of explanation, is something of a simpler example,. N Elements into s subsets ” 2018 Catholic Stand | Powered by Astra and! Likely to be an absolute answer to Why it exists reading your comment him on his turf..., think of a simpler example a principle existence is our experience let ’ s existence is on... There is no God ’, is `` Why is there something rather than nothing, of late is. But Why should we presume that nothing is as improbable as anything can be presented in the wet is. More on this example ) – article Image captured from the Penny Catechism to cause to come into being to. Is neither an entity nor an object within the scope of our experience of,. ’ re asking in this theory, mind is fundamental to reality sections to look for as the! Sober ( 1983 ) argues that there must be both “ non-physical and immaterial ” as the of... Up for our newsletter PLUS get 50 free theology eBooks in our experiences. Non-Physical and immaterial ” as the video below states our experience of material...

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